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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1986 Apr;11(4):351-9.

To compare the incubation period following intratracheal and subcutaneous inoculation of bovine leukosis virus infected lymphocytes and to study their clearance from the circulation.


The migration of fluorescein isothiocyanate labelled lymphocytes through the tracheobronchial mucosa has been studied in cattle. Following intratracheal inoculation of labelled non-infected autologous lymphocytes and bovine leukosis virus (BLV) infected heterologous (presumed allogeneic) lymphocytes, the labelled lymphocytes appeared in the blood circulation between 4 and 7 days post inoculation. Following intravenous inoculation of labelled autologous lymphocytes, the cells could be detected in the circulation for 10 days post inoculation whereas BLV infected and non-infected heterologous lymphocytes could be detected for only 2 days. The migration of BLV-infected heterologous lymphocytes through the tracheobronchial mucosa caused a delay in the appearance of labelled lymphocytes in the circulation and a corresponding delay in the appearance of BLV antibodies. Comparison was made of the effect of two different routes of inoculation, subcutaneous and intratracheal on the incubation period as indicated by the detection of antibody. Subcutaneous inoculation of 1 X 10(4), 5 X 10(3), 1 X 10(3) of lymphocytes from a BLV infected cow caused seroconversion whereas 5 X 10(2) cells did not. Intratracheal inoculation of 5 X 10(3) cells caused sero-conversion. One animal did not develop BLV antibody until 30 weeks after inoculation although BLV could be isolated from the blood at 24 and 26 weeks post inoculation.

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