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J Immunol. 1985 Dec;135(6):3958-61.

Leukotrienes augment interleukin 1 production by human monocytes.


The effects of leukotrienes (LT) on production of interleukin 1 (IL 1) by human peripheral blood monocytes were examined. LTB4 enhanced IL 1 production by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated monocytes twofold to threefold, and the most efficient concentrations of LTB4 were 10(-8) to 10(-7) M. LTD4 also enhanced IL 1 production, but to a lesser extent than LTB4. Adherence-purified, but otherwise unstimulated, human monocytes could also be induced to produce IL 1 in response to LTB4. Similarly, IL 1 production by monocytes stimulated with the known IL 1 inducers muramyl dipeptide, silica, or zymosan was also enhanced by LTB4. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase with use of indomethacin during IL 1 production by LPS-treated monocytes enhanced thymocyte response to IL 1, but LTB4 further enhanced IL 1 production when added to indomethacin-treated monocyte cultures. Neither LTB4 nor indomethacin had any direct effect on thymocyte proliferation. Optimal enhancement of IL 1 production occurred when LPS and LTB4 were present together at the initiation of the 24-hr monocyte culture. Significant enhancement was also observed, however, when monocyte cultures were either preincubated with LTB4 before addition of LPS or cultured with LPS alone for 3 hr before addition of LTB4. These results indicate that leukotrienes can modulate IL 1 production by human monocytes and suggest that they may play a role in IL 1-mediated functions of monocytes in inflammatory and immune reactions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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