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J Clin Oncol. 1985 Nov;3(11):1471-7.

VP-16 and cisplatin as first-line therapy for small-cell lung cancer.


Thirty-one patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) were treated with VP-16 and cisplatin as first-line therapy. In the majority of cases an Adriamycin (Adria Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio) containing regimen was contraindicated because of severe cardiac or hepatic disease. Eight patients who presented with cerebral metastases were also included in the series. Eleven patients had limited disease (LD), and 20 had extensive disease (ED). Of the 28 evaluable patients, 12 (43%) achieved a complete response (CR) and 12 (43%) had a partial response (PR). Four patients (14%) either had no response or progressed on treatment. The median duration of response for patients with LD was 39 weeks and for those with ED, 26 weeks. The median survival time (MST) for the whole group of responding (CR and PR) LD patients was 70 weeks (range, 28 to 181 + weeks), and for responding ED patients, it was 43 weeks (range, 17 to 68 weeks). Gastrointestinal toxicity was mild, but leukopenia and thrombocytopenia were common. There were four febrile episodes during periods of drug-induced neutropenia and this led to one treatment-related death. Nephrotoxicity occurred in 15 patients and required discontinuation of cisplatin in two. These results compare favorably with reports of standard induction chemotherapy regimens and provide further evidence of the activity of the VP-16 and cisplatin regimen in patients with SCLC.

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