Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Invest. 1988 Aug;82(2):524-31.

Molecular cloning and characterization of human cardiac alpha- and beta-form myosin heavy chain complementary DNA clones. Regulation of expression during development and pressure overload in human atrium.

Author information

  • 1Third Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

We have constructed and characterized two types of myosin heavy chain (MHC) cDNA clones (pHMHC2, pHMHC5) from a fetal human heart cDNA library. Comparison of the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences between pHMHC2 and pHMHC5 shows 95.1 and 96.2% homology, respectively. The carboxyl-terminal peptide and 3'-untranslated (3'-UT) regions are highly divergent and specific for these cDNA clones. By using the synthetic oligonucleotide probes that are complementary to the unique 3'-UT regions of these cDNA clones, we demonstrate that pHMHC2 is exclusively transcribed in the atrium, whereas the mRNA for pHMHC5 is predominantly expressed in the ventricle. This result indicates that pHMHC2 and pHMHC5 code for alpha- and beta-form MHCs, respectively. Furthermore, we show that beta-form MHC mRNA is expressed in adult atrium at a low level but scarcely expressed in fetal atrium. Finally, we demonstrate that MHC isozymic transition in pressure-overloaded atrium is, at least in part, regulated at a pretranslational level.

PMID:
2969919
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC303543
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Journal of Clinical Investigation Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk