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J Immunol. 1988 Aug 15;141(4):1091-7.

Superinduction of low affinity IgE receptors on murine B lymphocytes by lipopolysaccharide and IL-4.

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  • 1Subdepartment of Immunology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205.


Recent work in both the human and murine systems has demonstrated that IL-4 is capable of specifically inducing the synthesis of the low affinity receptor for IgE (Fc epsilon RII). In addition, in conjunction with LPS, IL-4 will induce IgG1 and IgE synthesis. To analyze the correlation between Fc epsilon RII induction and IgE secretion, Fc epsilon RII and IgE levels were measured by RIA on murine splenic B cells stimulated with LPS and IL-4 over 7 days of culture. Treatment with LPS and IL-4 gave a 20- to 50-fold (day 3) "superinduction" of Fc epsilon RII levels compared with a 3- to 5-fold induction with IL-4 alone; removal of IL-4 resulted in a rapid decline in Fc epsilon RII levels. The cells expressing high Fc epsilon RII levels were determined to be blasts. Superinduction of Fc epsilon RII occurs at 10 U/ml IL-4 and remains relatively constant in the range of 10 to 1000 U/ml. In contrast, with increasing IL-4, IgE levels increase, reaching microgram levels at day 7 with 300 U/ml IL-4. Triggering the cells with anti-Ig, as expected, gave no Ig secretion, and in addition, Fc epsilon RII superinduction by IL-4 and anti-Ig was not seen. PMA is known to block Ig secretion induced by LPS. Concentrations of PMA that totally abrogated IgE secretion had no effect on Fc epsilon RII superinduction, indicating that the latter phenomena can be separated from IL-4-induced Ig secretion. Superinduction also results in higher levels of Fc epsilon RII fragment release into the media. Thus, attempts were made to influence IgE secretion by adding additional purified Fc epsilon RII fragment to the culture. The purified fragment did not have a significant influence on IgE levels in this system.

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