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Fertil Steril. 1988 Mar;49(3):404-9.

A randomized, double-blind trial of a gonadotropin releasing-hormone agonist (leuprolide) with or without medroxyprogesterone acetate in the treatment of leiomyomata uteri.

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  • 1Endocrine and Menopause Unit, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.

Abstract

A randomized, double-blind study was performed on 16 women to compare the efficacy of daily subcutaneous (SC) injections of leuprolide acetate (LA; TAP Pharmaceuticals, North Chicago, IL) plus oral placebo tablets (group A, n = 7) with SC LA plus oral medroxyprogesterone acetate (The Upjohn Company, Kalamazoo, MI; group B, n = 9) in the treatment of leiomyomata uteri. Patients in group A had a significant reduction in uterine size from a pretreatment volume of 601 +/- 62 cm3 (mean +/- standard error) to a mean uterine volume of 294 +/- 46 cm3 at 24 weeks of therapy (P less than 0.01). Group B patients had a reduction in uterine volume from 811 +/- 174 cm3 to 688 +/- 154 cm3, which was not statistically significant. However, only one patient in group B experienced hot flashes, whereas six patients in group A had this symptom (P less than 0.01). Both groups demonstrated significant increases in mean hemoglobin concentrations, hematocrits, and serum iron levels at 24 weeks of therapy compared with pretreatment levels.

PMID:
2963759
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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