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Endocrinology. 1988 Feb;122(2):581-5.

The effects of experimental hyperinsulinemia on steroid secretion, ovarian [125I]insulin binding, and ovarian [125I]insulin-like growth-factor I binding in the rat.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, City University of New York, New York 10029.

Abstract

We randomized 32 cycling female Sprague-Dawley rats (82 days old) into experimental and control groups (16 animals/group). Hyperinsulinemia was induced and maintained for 22 days in the experimental group with NPH human insulin (Novolin, Squibb-Novo, Princeton, NJ) as previously described. Controls received an identical volume of vehicle. Fifteen minutes before death, each rat received a sc injection of 100 ng synthetic GnRH (Factrel, Ayerst Laboratories, New York, NY). The mean serum insulin level was significantly higher in the insulin-treated group than in the control group (165 +/- 57 vs. 49 +/- 9 microU/ml; P less than 0.05). The mean final weight also was significantly higher in the insulin-treated group (283 +/- 4 vs. 242 +/- 7 g; P less than 0.001). There were no significant differences in mean final serum levels of testosterone, estradiol, estrone, or androstenedione or in GnRH-stimulated serum levels of LH or FSH. The androstenedione to estrone ratio, however, was significantly lower in the insulin-treated group (2.5 +/- 0.3 vs. 3.4 +/- 0.2; P less than 0.01), suggesting that aromatase activity increased with hyperinsulinemia. Specific [125I]insulin binding to ovarian tissue homogenates was lower in the insulin-treated group (1.7 +/- 0.1% vs. 2.6 +/- 0.6%/0.2 mg protein; P greater than 0.05), suggesting that ovarian insulin receptors tended to down-regulate with hyperinsulinemia. Specific [125I]insulin-like growth factor I [( 125I]IGF-I) binding to ovarian tissue homogenates, in contrast, was significantly higher in the insulin-treated group (13.3 +/- 1.4% vs. 7.2 +/- 0.6%/0.2 mg protein; P less than 0.05), suggesting that ovarian IGF receptors up-regulated with hyperinsulinemia. The affinity of neither [125I]insulin binding nor that of [125I]IGF-I binding changed significantly, with the 50% inhibition point remaining between 2.0 and 5.0 ng/ml for each peptide in both groups. We conclude that hyperinsulinemia increases ovarian [125I]IGF-I binding and stimulates aromatase activity in the rat. These phenomena, if also true in women, could be important factors contributing to the ovarian hyperstimulation observed in various hyperinsulinemic states.

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