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Neurology. 1988 Jan;38(1):84-8.

Serum haloperidol concentration and choreiform movements in Huntington's disease.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago 60612.

Abstract

The relationship between serum haloperidol concentration and improvement in abnormal movements was investigated in 20 adult Huntington's disease (HD) patients. Serum samples and assessments of severity of chorea were simultaneously obtained from each patient. Data were obtained prior to and at one or more doses following the initiation of haloperidol in ten patients. Serum was analyzed for haloperidol by two different methods, gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric (GC/MS) and radioreceptor (RR) assays. Steady-state serum haloperidol concentrations (GC/MS) of 0.5 to 24 ng/ml were observed following administration of doses of 1 to 40 mg/d and varied markedly between patients. Only results from the GC/MS assay were used for examining relationships with dose and clinical response because of insensitivity of RR assay. Significant improvement of abnormal movements, greater than 30% from baseline, occurred at serum concentrations between 2 and 5 ng/ml, which corresponded to doses of 1.5 to 10 mg/d. Further improvement in abnormal movements at serum concentrations above this range was minimal.

PMID:
2962009
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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