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Jpn J Surg. 1987 Jan;17(1):1-8.

Prophylactic antibiotics for patients undergoing elective biliary tract surgery: a prospective randomized study of cefotiam and cefoperazone.


Cefotiam, a second generation cephalosporin and cefoperazone, a third generation cephalosporin have a broad spectrum of activity against a majority of organisms commonly found in the bile. Although cefoperazone is excreted into the human bile to a greater extent than is cefotiam, there are no comparative data available that cefoperazone prophylaxis is safer and more effective than cefotiam for patients undergoing biliary tract surgery. A prospective randomized study was performed to compare the safety and efficacy of cefotiam with those of cefoperazone for prophylaxis in patients undergoing elective biliary tract surgery. The incidence of postoperative infection was not significantly different between the cefotiam group (n = 86) and the cefoperazone group (n = 86). The rate of side effects, however, was significantly different. In the cefotiam group, only one patient had diarrhea whereas in the cefoperazone group, eight had diarrhea and one skin eruption. Clostridium difficile cytotoxin was nil in those with diarrhea. Diarrhea in all patients was mild and recovery was rapid. Cefotiam is thus safer and as effective as cefoperazone in preventing postoperative infections following biliary tract surgery. We suggest that cefotiam is the first choice antibiotic for prophylaxis in biliary tract surgery.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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