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J Biol Chem. 1987 Mar 5;262(7):3409-14.

Tryptic digestion of dynein 1 in low salt medium. Origin and properties of fragment A.


Dynein 1 was extracted from sperm flagella of the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla with 0.6 M NaCl and dialyzed against 0.5 mM EDTA, 14 mM 2-mercaptoethanol, 5 mM imidazole/HCl buffer, pH 7.0, for 24-48 h. In some cases, fractions containing the alpha heavy chain and the beta/intermediate chain 1 complex (beta/IC1) were separated by density gradient centrifugation in the same solution. Treatment of the samples at a trypsin:protein ratio of 1:10 w/w for 32 min at room temperature yields a crude digest from which Fragment A is purified by density gradient centrifugation. The purified Fragment A consists of two principal peptides (Mr = 195,000 and 130,000) that cosediment with the peak of ATPase activity at 12.5 S, which is slightly faster than the 11 S of the original beta/IC1 complex. When digests of the separated alpha chain and of the beta/IC1 complex are followed as a function of time, the early cleavages of the two heavy chains (Mr = 428,000) resemble each other in that both lead to similarly sized peptides of Mr 316,000 and 296,000, but only in the beta/IC1 fraction does the digestion proceed to form Fragment A. The remainder of the beta chain, termed Fragment B, occurs as an Mr 110,000 peptide sedimenting at 5.7 S with no associated ATPase activity. Fragment A has a specific ATPase activity of 4.3 mumol Pi X min-1 X mg-1, with a Km of 29 microM in 0.1 M NaCl medium, and an apparent Ki for inhibition by vanadate of 1.2 microM in the absence of salt, and 22 microM in 0.6 M NaCl. Photoaffinity labeling with [alpha-32P]8-azidoadenosine 5'-triphosphate indicates that the ATP binding site on the beta chain of dynein 1 is located on the Mr 195,000 peptide of Fragment A. The possibility that Fragments A and B of the beta/IC1 complex may correspond to the head and tail regions of the tadpole-shaped particle seen by electron microscopy is discussed.

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