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J Immunol. 1986 Nov 1;137(9):2761-7.

Characterization and activity of contrasuppressor T cells induced by type III pneumococcal polysaccharide.

Abstract

Optimally immunogenic amounts of type III pneumococcal polysaccharide (S3) activate a population of contrasuppressor T cells (Tcs), which have been shown to play an important role in the induction of anti-S3 antibody responses. These Tcs belong to a unique T cell subset that has the surface phenotype Lyt 1+2- L3T4- I-J+ I-A+. These Tcs are also cyclophosphamide (Cy)-sensitive and sensitive to antilymphocyte serum (ALS) and mitomycin C. Tcs have antigen-binding receptors, indicating that any interactions of Tcs with B cells or T suppressor cells (Ts) (both of which also have antigen-binding receptors) must be via an antigen bridge rather than an idiotype-anti-idiotype interaction. Tcs are also Igh restricted in their action. Contrasuppression is manifest only when the Tcs are Igh compatible with both the Ts and the responding B cells. Tcs apparently mediate their effects by releasing a soluble factor, since a soluble factor extracted from Tcs is able to abrogate the effects of S3-specific Ts.

PMID:
2944962
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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