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J Biol Chem. 1985 Dec 5;260(28):14993-7.

Mechanistic investigations of Escherichia coli cytidine-5'-triphosphate synthetase. Detection of an intermediate by positional isotope exchange experiments.


CTP synthetase from Escherichia coli catalyzes exchange of 18O from the beta gamma-bridge position of [gamma-18O4] ATP into the beta-nonbridge position. This positional isotope exchange occurs in the presence of UTP and MgCl2 but in the absence of NH3. The enzyme also has an ATPase activity in the presence of UTP that occurs under conditions that are identical to those used in the positional isotope exchange experiments. These data provide evidence for the stepwise nature of the reactions catalyzed by CTP synthetase with the initial step involving phosphorylation of UTP by ATP. The relative rate of the isotope exchange reaction is approximately 3 times faster than the ATPase reaction, but the isotope exchange rate is approximately 3% of the overall rate in the presence of NH3. These results are consistent with the ATPase reaction involving attack of water on the phosphorylated intermediate (4-phospho-UTP). The positional isotope exchange reaction is independent of the UTP concentration above saturating levels of UTP demonstrating that the order of addition of substrates is UTP followed by ATP and then NH3.

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