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Surgery. 1989 Mar;105(3):446-8.

Transhepatic embolization of superior mesenteric varices in portal hypertension.

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  • 1Duke University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Durham, NC 27710.


A 49-year-old woman with a history of excessive consumption of alcohol experienced lower-intestinal bleeding 2 years after undergoing a total abdominal hysterectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy because of carcinoma of the cervix. Mesenteric arteriograms showed large, focal varices in the ileum, hepatofugal blood flow, and an abnormal communication between these varices and the right ovarian vein. Percutaneous transhepatic embolization of these varices with absorbable, gelatin sponge (Gelfoam) and coils was successful in stopping the intestinal bleeding.

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