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Food Addit Contam. 1989 Jan-Mar;6(1):71-8.

Excretion of tetracycline and chlortetracycline in eggs after oral medication of laying hens.

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  • 1Ministère de l'Agriculture, Laboratoire National des Médicaments Vétérinaires, Fougères, France.


After dosing laying hens orally with tetracycline (TC) through either drinking water (0.25 and 0.5 g/l for 5 days) or feed (300 and 600 ppm for 7 days), and chlortetracycline (CTC) through feed (600 ppm) residues were determined by an agar plate diffusion technique in cylinders with Bacillus cereus as test-organism, separately for albumen and for yolk. The sensitivity threshold was 0.07 micrograms/g in albumen and 0.15 micrograms/g in yolk for TC and 0.01 micrograms/g in albumen and 0.06 micrograms/g in yolk for CTC. Drug excretion via egg was 3-fold higher for TC than for CTC. The drug was excreted preferentially into the yolk (about 75% of the total amount) and the elimination period lasted between 6 and 11 days for TC and 9 days for CTC, after treatment. Tetracycline use in laying hens is discussed, taking into consideration the proposals presented by the joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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