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Blood. 1988 Dec;72(6):1904-10.

The effect of cyclosporine A on infection of susceptible cells by human immunodeficiency virus type 1.

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  • 1Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Sir Mortimer B. Davis, Jewis General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


The effect of cyclosporine A (CyA) on the ability of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) to infect the H-9 T-cell leukemic line, as well as interleukin-2 (IL-2)-grown human peripheral blood-derived lymphocytes, has been studied. Pretreatment of H-9 cells and human lymphocytes with CyA over 24 hours completely prevented viral infection over a 21-day period, whereas the addition of drug at two hours postinfection with HIV-1 had a significant inhibitory effect on viral replication and expression of the virus-specific antigens p17 and p24. However, if CyA was added at later times to these lymphocytic cells, this inhibitory effect was lost. Indeed, the removal of CyA from cultures that had been treated from two hours after infection led to the rapid production of progeny virus. HIV-1 was able to infect peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from each of four kidney allograft recipients on long-term CyA antirejection therapy, as long as drug was not included in the culture medium. In addition, we asked what effect pretreatment with CyA of cells of the U-937 monocytic line and primary cultures of human monocytes/macrophages might have on infection by HIV-1. CyA had no demonstrable effect on the ability of HIV-1 to infect cells of either type.

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