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Anesthesiology. 1988 Aug;69(2):227-31.

The pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of vecuronium in patients anesthetized with isoflurane with normal renal function or with renal failure.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco.

Abstract

The duration of action and the pharmacokinetics of vecuronium were compared in patients with and without renal function. Twenty patients were studied: 12 with renal failure who were to receive kidney transplants from cadaveric donors, and eight with normal renal function. After oral premedication with diazepam, 10 mg, anesthesia was induced with thiopental, 4 mg/kg iv, and maintained with the inhalation of 60% nitrous oxide and 0.9-1.1% isoflurane, end-tidal concentration, in 40% oxygen. The force of thumb adduction in response to supramaximal ulnar nerve stimulation was monitored and recorded. An intravenous bolus of vecuronium, 0.1 mg/kg, was administered after 15 min of a stable end-tidal isoflurane concentration, as measured by mass spectrometry. Venous blood was then sampled at frequent intervals for 4 h following the bolus. Vecuronium concentrations in plasma were quantified by a sensitive and specific gas chromatographic assay. Data were analyzed by nonlinear least squares regression and described by a two-compartment model. The duration of neuromuscular blockade was longer in patients with renal failure than in those with normal renal function. This increased duration may be related to both a decreased plasma clearance and a prolonged elimination half-life of vecuronium in the renal failure group.

PMID:
2900610
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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