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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1988 Jun;64(6):2287-93.

Role of beta 2-adrenergic receptors on coronary resistance during exercise.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284-7764.

Abstract

The effects of regional alpha- and specific beta 2-adrenergic receptor blockade on measurements of late diastolic coronary resistance (LDCR) and mean coronary blood flow velocity (CBFV) during exercise were examined in 14 conscious adult mongrel dogs. Specific beta 2-adrenergic receptor blockade (ICI 118.551) significantly decreased CBFV and increased LDCR by blockade of beta 2-vasodilator tone independent of alpha-adrenergic receptor-mediated tone and independent of altering myocardial metabolism. alpha-Adrenergic receptor blockade (phentolamine, 1 mg) significantly increased CBFV and decreased LDCR by blocking sympathetically mediated vasoconstrictor tone. There was no significant difference in the magnitude of response between alpha- and beta 2-adrenergic receptor blockade. These results demonstrate that alpha- and beta 2-adrenergic receptors have a significant and evidently equal influence on CBFV and LDCR during exercise. Four weeks of daily exercise and left stellate ganglionectomy (LSGx) prevented phentolamine-induced vasodilation but not ICI 118.551-induced vasoconstriction. This suggests that daily exercise and LSGx significantly decreased the alpha-adrenergic receptor-mediated vasoconstrictor tone on the coronary circulation, resulting in an apparently greater role for the coronary vascular beta 2-adrenergic receptor on the control of CBFV and LDCR during exercise.

PMID:
2900233
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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