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Surgery. 1988 Aug;104(2):424-30.

Control of gastrin release in cultured gastrinoma-derived G cells.

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  • 1Laboratory Service, James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital, Tampa, FL 33612.


Functional gastrin-containing tumor cells (GT cells) have been maintained in short-term culture on microporous membranes, and their response to selected agents has been determined. After dispersion of gastrinoma by collagenase-DNAase digestion coupled with mechanical disruption, dispersed cells were depleted in stromal material by selective attachment to a plastic substrate, then cultured for 72 hours on porous cellulose membranes. Cultures contained 68 +/- 5% GT cells with a viability of 92 +/- 2%. Secretin stimulated the rate of gastrin release from cultured GT cells in both a time- and a dose-dependent fashion. To examine the possible involvement of adenylate cyclase- and protein kinase C-mediated mechanisms in regulating gastrin release from the neoplastic GT cells, we evaluated the effects of 8-bromoadenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-BrcAMP; 10(-4) - 10(-2) mol/L), the diterpene forskolin (10(-5) mol/L), 12-0-tetradencanoylphorobol 13-acetate (TPA; 10(-8) - 10(-6) mol/L), and 4 alpha-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4 alpha PDD; 10(-8) - 10(-6) mol/L) on gastrin release. Among all compounds tested, 8-BrcAMP (10(-2) mol/L) was the most potent, stimulating the rate of gastrin release 263% above basal. Both 8-BrcAMP and TPA stimulated gastrin release in a dose-dependent fashion. The biologically inactive phorbol ester, 4 alpha PDD, was without effect at all concentrations. Somatostatin (10(-8) - 10(-6) mol/L) inhibited 8-BrcAMP-stimulated gastrin release in a dose-dependent fashion to a maximum of 75%.

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