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Biochem J. 1988 Feb 1;249(3):705-8.

Glutamine metabolism in isolated incubated adipocytes of the rat.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, U.K.

Abstract

1. Phosphate-dependent glutaminase activity in the epididymal fat-pad was 15.1 nmol/min per mg of protein. Glutaminase activity demonstrated differences with respect to adipose-tissue sites. Considerable variation was found in different sites of adipose tissue from lean control and Zucker obese animals. 2. Adipocytes incubated in the presence of 2 mM-glutamine utilized glutamine at a rate of 1.8 mumol/h per g dry wt., and glutamate, ammonia, lactate and alanine were produced. Addition of glucose plus insulin increased the rates of glutamine utilization and glutamate, ammonia, lactate and alanine production. Isoprenaline alone or plus glucose further stimulated the rate of glutamine utilization and formation of end products. 3. The rate of incorporation of 14C from glutamine into CO2 was similar to that of glucose, but the rate of incorporation into triacylglycerol was much less. Addition of unlabelled glucose or glucose plus insulin stimulated the rate of incorporation of [14C]glutamine into triacylglycerol, but had no effect on that of 14CO2 formation. Isoprenaline plus glucose increased the rate of incorporation of [14C]glutamine into CO2, but decreased the rate of incorporation into triacylglycerol. 4. In the absence of insulin, the rate of [14C]glutamine incorporation into triacylglycerol was related to the glucose concentration (0-10 mM). However, in the presence of insulin, the rate of incorporation of [14C]glutamine was maximal at 1 mM-glucose.

PMID:
2895633
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1148763
Free PMC Article
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