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J Urol. 1987 Sep;138(3):671-3.

Bladder vasodilatation and release of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide from the urinary bladder of the cat in response to pelvic nerve stimulation.


In the feline urinary bladder blood flow was determined by means of a direct blood flow measurement technique before and during pelvic nerve stimulation. Simultaneous sampling of venous blood from the bladder was performed, and the output of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) was determined by means of radioimmunoassay. Maximal stimulation of the pelvic nerves led to a clearcut increase in intravesical pressure and a small but sustained increase of blood flow in the bladder wall. These changes were associated with a drastic increase in VIP output from the bladder, increasing from a control level of 0.2 fmol./min. to 15 fmol./min. during stimulation. The results suggest that VIP might be the neurotransmitter responsible for the vasodilatation in the feline urinary bladder in response to pelvic nerve stimulation. The discrepancy between the moderate blood flow increase and the pronounced increase in VIP-release might, however, indicate that VIP exerts its main effects elsewhere in the bladder than in the vascular bed, for instance the detrusor smooth muscle.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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