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J Immunol. 1987 Jun 15;138(12):4496-501.

Cloning and expression of murine lymphotoxin cDNA.


The murine lymphotoxin (LT) gene has been cloned and used to identify cDNA clones in a library prepared from activated murine T cell mRNA. A recombinant murine genomic library was screened with a human lymphotoxin cDNA probe, resulting in the isolation of the entire LT gene. The murine LT gene structure is similar to the human gene, containing three intervening sequences. An activated murine T cell cDNA library was prepared with poly(A)+ RNA isolated 7 hr after concanavalin A stimulation of an L3T4+ interleukin 2-dependent murine T cell clone. Two colonies of the cDNA library that contained inserts that hybridized with the murine LT gene probe were sequenced and were used to construct expression plasmids. The amino acid sequence deduced from the cDNA indicates that murine LT is highly homologous to human LT (74%) and is related to murine tumor necrosis factor (35% homology). The cDNA was transcribed and was translated in vitro, and was expressed in COS-1 cells. This has resulted in the production of LT biological activity.

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