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Am J Hum Genet. 1987 May;40(5):421-30.

DNA polymorphisms in and around the Apo-A1-CIII genes and genetic hyperlipidemias.


We have studied the frequency of DNA polymorphisms in and around the apolipoprotein A-1 (Apo-A1) and apolipoprotein CIII (Apo-CIII) gene loci in 53 persons of Caucasian descent with genetic hyperlipidemias. Three restriction-fragment-length polymorphisms (RFLPs) have previously been located 5' and 3' to the Apo-A1 gene and in the Apo-CIII gene and were detected after digestion with XmnI, PstI, and SstI, respectively, and hybridization with a 2.2-kb fragment of the Apo-A1 gene. These RFLPs are in linkage equilibrium. The rare variant sites for XmnI (X2) and SstI (S2) were more frequent in familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) than in controls and persons with other genetic hyperlipidemias. When considered as a haplotype, this difference was significant (P less than .03). The findings in this study suggest that the previously reported association between S2 and hypertriglyceridemia may be accounted for, in part, by inclusion of numerous patients with FCH. Our data provide further evidence that these RFLPs around and within the Apo-A1/Apo-CIII genes do not participate in unmasking clinical expression in persons with familial dysbetalipoproteinemia.

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