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Am J Physiol. 1987 Apr;252(4 Pt 1):C362-8.

Suppression of mitochondrial respiratory function after short-term anoxia.


Exposure of rat hepatocytes to 30 min anoxia resulted in a substantial decrease in O2 consumption on reoxygenation. Measurement of the sequestered Ca2+ pool of mitochondria by selective release with the protonophore, carbonylcyanide-p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone (FCCP), and quantitation with the metallochromic indicator, arsenazo III, showed that anoxia caused a marked decrease in mitochondrial Ca2+. This loss could, in part, be due to decreased electrophoretic uptake resulting from a 20% decrease in the magnitude of the mitochondrial transmembranal potential. The decrease was associated with a decrease in ATP synthase activity as expected from the Ca2+ dependence of endogenous inhibitor binding to the ATP synthase. These results show that short-term anoxia suppresses mitochondrial function in hepatocytes and suggest that mitochondrial Ca2+ content may be important in this regulation. Regulation of the ATP synthase and other ion transport systems may provide a means to preserve ion distribution and protonmotive force and thereby prolong the period during which cells can tolerate anoxia.

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