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Cell. 1986 Dec 5;47(5):687-93.

A glia-derived neurite promoting factor with protease inhibitory activity belongs to the protease nexins.


A glia-derived neurite promoting factor (GdNPF) has serine protease inhibitory activity and in addition regulates the migration of neuronal cells. cDNA cloning of GdNPF is necessary for studying the physiological relevance and the mode of action of this protein and similar cell-derived protease inhibitors. Xenopus oocytes injected with rat glioma cells mRNA release this inhibitor. A rat cDNA clone coding for the previously purified glia-derived neurite promoting factor (GdNPF) was isolated upon hybridization-selected translation, followed by immunoprecipitation. The correct identity of this cDNA is proven by the presence of a sequence coding for a tryptic fragment from pure GdNPF. Northern analysis indicates that GdNPF mRNA is found almost exclusively in brain tissue and could be developmentally regulated. The same cDNA clone has been used to isolate full-length rat and human GdNPF cDNA. The deduced human GdNPF amino acid sequence indicates that the protein is a member of a family of cell-derived protease inhibitors named protease nexins.

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