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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1986;88(4):525-6.

3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA): stereoselective interactions at brain 5-HT1 and 5-HT2 receptors.

Abstract

3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), 3,4-methylenedioxy-amphetamine (MDA), and their optical isomers, were assayed for their affinities at radiolabeled brain serotonin (5-HT1, 5-HT2) and dopamine (D2) binding sites. (R(-)-MDA and R(-)-MDMA displayed moderate affinities for 3H-ketanserin-labeled 5-HT2 sites (Ki = 3425 and 3310 nM, respectively) whereas the affinities for their S(+)-enantiomers were lower (Ki = 13,000 and 15,800 nM, respectively). Similar absolute and relative affinities were obtained at 3H-serotonin-labeled 5-HT1 sites; binding at D2 sites was very low (Ki greater than 25,000 nM in each case). The (-) greater than (+) order of potency at 5-HT2 sites is consistent with the observation that R(-)-MDA is a more potent psychoactive agent than its S(+)-enantiomer, but contrasts with the reported finding that S(+)-MDMA is more potent than R(-)-MDMA in humans. These results suggest that MDMA, unlike MDA and other hallucinogenic phenylisopropylamines, does not work primarily through a direct interaction at 5-HT sites.

PMID:
2871581
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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