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J Physiol. 1988 Nov;405:105-13.

Active transport of lead by the calcium pump in human red cell ghosts.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, King's College London.


1. Resealed human red cell ghosts containing lead buffers bring about a net transfer of lead from the cell interior to the outside. This transfer is ATP dependent. 2. The active transport of lead is characterized by a Vmax (maximum velocity) of 11 mmol/(l cells.h) and a KM (Michaelis constant) of 5 x 10(-8) M for internal Pb2+, at pH 6.8 and 37 degrees C. 3. Lead efflux is antagonized by internal calcium, and is inhibited by vanadate with the same IC50 (inhibition constant) with which vanadate inhibits calcium pumping. 4. It is concluded that lead is transported by the calcium pump.

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