Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Res. 1988 Dec 15;48(24 Pt 1):7314-8.

Prognostic factors for survival in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, University of Pretoria, Republic of South Africa.


Associations between patient characteristics and survival were investigated in 432 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Those patients were prospectively studied by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, and each had his or her diagnosis reconfirmed by a pathology review panel. There were 301 North American and 131 South African patients. Sixty-nine % of the North American patients and 82% of the South African patients were male. There were 187 Black patients, 62 of whom were from North America. The study population is unique among hepatocellular carcinoma patients in that eligibility, evaluability, and endpoint definitions were standardized, and patients from both North America and South Africa received similar treatments at a similar time. Factors with the most significant adverse effect on survival are impaired performance status, male sex, older age, and disease symptoms (jaundice and reduced appetite). There is no apparent difference in survival between White and Black patients within North America, but North American patients survived longer than South African patients. Among the different therapies, p.o. 5-fluorouracil was associated with the poorest median survival time (6 wk), and i.v. 5-fluorouracil plus semustine with the best median survival time (24 wk).

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk