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Am J Clin Nutr. 1988 Sep;48(3):632-6.

Effect of phosphorus on endogenous calcium losses during total parenteral nutrition.

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  • 1Section of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, IL.


Intravenous phosphorus can reduce urinary calcium losses in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). We investigated the effect of intravenous P on urinary and fecal Ca loss in intravenously fed normal and thyroparathyroidectomized (TPTX) rats to assess the role of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and endogenous fecal Ca losses. Doubling the intravenous P load during TPN decreased urinary Ca losses by 54% (0.299 vs 0.137 mmol/d) in intact rats and by 43% (0.514 vs 0.294 mmol/d) in TPTX rats. Increased P load in normal rats had no effect on urinary cyclic AMP excretion, serum Ca, serum P, serum 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol, or endogenous fecal Ca losses. These observations suggest that the hypocalciuric effect of P during TPN is independent of PTH and is not caused by a repartitioning of obligatory Ca losses from the renal to the intestinal route.

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