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Biochemistry. 1987 Dec 29;26(26):8516-24.

Complete cDNA sequence of human complement Cls and close physical linkage of the homologous genes Cls and Clr.

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  • 1Unité d'Immunogénétique, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


Overlapping molecular clones encoding the complement subcomponent Cls were isolated from a human liver cDNA library. The nucleotide sequence reconstructed from these clones spans about 85% of the length of the liver Cls messenger RNAs, which occur in three distinct size classes around 3 kilobases in length. Comparisons with the sequence of Clr, the other enzymatic subcomponent of Cl, reveal 40% amino acid identity and conservation of all the cysteine residues. Beside the serine protease domain, the following sequence motifs, previously described in Clr, were also found in Cls: (a) two repeats of the type found in the Ba fragment of complement factor B and in several other complement but also noncomplement proteins, (b) a cysteine-rich segment homologous to the repeats of epidermal growth factor precursor, and (c) a duplicated segment found only in Clr and Cls. Differences in each of these structural motifs provide significant clues for the interpretation of the functional divergence of these interacting serine protease zymogens. Hybridizations of Clr and Cls probes to restriction endonuclease fragments of genomic DNA demonstrate close physical linkage of the corresponding genes. The implications of this finding are discussed with respect to the evolution of Clr and Cls after their origin by tandem gene duplication and to the previously observed combined hereditary deficiencies of Clr and Cls.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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