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Mol Cell Biol. 1987 Sep;7(9):3205-11.

Cell-type-dependent gene activation by yeast transposon Ty1 involves multiple regulatory determinants.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27514.


Ty transposable element insertion mutations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae can cause cell-type-dependent activation of adjacent gene expression. Several cis-acting regulatory regions within Ty1 that are responsible for these effects were identified. A 211-base-pair (bp) region functions as an activator. This region includes the so-called U5 domain of delta and 145 bp of adjacent epsilon sequences. Unlike activation by the intact Ty1, activation by the 211-bp Ty1 subfragment is cell-type independent. The presence of a 112-bp fragment from a more distal region of Ty1 confers cell-type specificity to the activator. The 112-bp fragment includes sequences with homology to mammalian enhancers and to a yeast a/alpha control site. In addition, Ty1 regions that exert negative effects on gene expression were identified. These results demonstrate that the Ty1 transcriptional control region consists of multiple components with distinct regulatory functions.

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