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Biochemistry. 1987 Jul 14;26(14):4338-44.

Cell cycle stage dependent variations in drug-induced topoisomerase II mediated DNA cleavage and cytotoxicity.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute, Houston 77030.

Abstract

The DNA cleavage produced by 4'-(9-acridinylamino)methanesulfon-m-anisidide (m-AMSA) in mammalian cells is putatively mediated by topoisomerase II. We found that in synchronized HeLa cells the frequency of such cleavage was 4-15-fold greater in mitosis than in S while the DNA of G1 and G2 cells exhibited an intermediate susceptibility to cleavage. The hypersensitivity of mitotic DNA to m-AMSA-induced cleavage was acquired relatively abruptly in late G2 and was lost similarly abruptly in early G1. The susceptibility of mitotic cells to m-AMSA-induced DNA cleavage was not clearly paralleled by an increase in topoisomerase II activity (decatenation of kinetoplast DNA) in 350 mM NaCl extracts from mitotic cells compared to similar extracts from cells in G1, S, or G2. Furthermore, equal amounts of decatenating activity from cells in mitosis and S produced equal amounts of m-AMSA-induced cleavage of simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA; i.e., the interaction between m-AMSA and extractable enzyme was similar in mitosis and S. The DNA of mitotic cells was also hypersensitive to cleavage by 4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin 4-(4,6-O-ethylidene-beta-D-glucopyranoside) (etoposide), a drug that produces topoisomerase II mediated DNA cleavage without binding to DNA. Thus, alterations in the drug-chromatin interaction during the cell cycle seem an unlikely explanation for results in whole cells. Cell cycle stage dependent fluctuations in m-AMSA-induced DNA cleavage may result from fluctuations in the structure of chromatin per se that occur during the cell cycle.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
2822085
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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