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Biochemistry. 1989 Sep 5;28(18):7349-55.

The CYP2D gene subfamily: analysis of the molecular basis of the debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase deficiency in DA rats.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Carcinogenesis, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


The DA rat has been proposed as an animal model for the human debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase/bufuralol 1'-hydroxylase genetic deficiency. To determine the mechanism of this deficiency, we isolated and sequenced five cDNAs in the CYP2D gene subfamily including a new IID1 allele and two cDNAs of novel P450s, designated IID3 and IID5. IID3 and IID5 cDNA-deduced amino acid sequences contained 500 and 504 residues with calculated molecular weights of 56,683 and 57,081, respectively. IID5 displayed 20 amino acid differences with the IID1, yet bore only 72% and 76% similarity to IID2 and IID3. Despite an overall nucleotide similarity of 80-98% between the 4 cDNAs, a region of 134 nucleotides of sequence exists that contains only 1 base difference. This region is probably the result of gene conversion events between the P450 IID genes. Although all IID cDNAs were expressed into immunodetectable proteins using the COS cell SV40-based expression system, only IID1 could effectively catalyze the oxidation of the prototype substrate bufuralol. Expression of a cDNA isolated in an earlier study [Gonzalez, F. J., Matsunaga, T., Nagata, K., Meyer, U. A., Nebert, D. W., Pastewka, J., Kozak, C. A., Gillette, J., Gelboin, H. V., & Hardwick, J. P. (1987) DNA 6, 149-161], previously called db1 and now designated IID1v, produced a protein with a drastically reduced activity as compared to cDNA-expressed IID1 despite only four amino acid differences between the two cDNA-deduced protein sequences.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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