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J Natl Cancer Inst. 1979 Jan;62(1):37-44.

Breast cancer risk factors among screening program participants.



Data were obtained by mailed questionnaire from 405 breast cancer patients identified during the first 2 years of operation of the Breast Cancer detection Demonstration Project in the U.S. and from a sample of 1156 normal screenees (response rate = 88%) in an attempt to examine whetHer the usual risk indicators for breast cancer apply to individuals participating in screening programs. No substantial differences were found between the respondents and the nonrespondents for the variables on which information had been obtained at the time of the initial screening. Nearly all of t(e recognized risk factors were seen in this population. The relative risk (FF) of breast cancer was 3.9 among women whose mothers were also affected; this finding was statistically significant. Relative risk was increased for women reporting early menarche, late menopause, nulliparity, late age when 1st child was born, and excessive weight. The relative risk was not elevated in women with a prior breast biopsy but was excessive for those with more than 1 biopsy. No association with thyroid medications or menopausal hormones was found. Among women having undergone a natural menopause, a nonstatistically significant elevation in the relative risk was noted for long term oral contraceptive users; this excess relative risk was restricted to those using OCs in the presence of breast cancer risk indicators. The results indicate the need for further study of women with extended periods of OC use, particularly when accompanied by other known risk indicators.

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