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J Orthop Trauma. 1989;3(3):232-40.

Operative treatment of intraarticular fractures of the os calcis--the role of rigid internal fixation and primary bone grafting: preliminary results.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong.


The treatment of intraarticular fractures of the os calcis remains controversial. Yet it seems illogical that the subtalar joints should be treated differently from other weight-bearing joints. In this paper, we report the results of treating 64 intraarticular fractures of the os calcis by open reduction, rigid internal fixation with primary bone graft, and early mobilization. Of the 64 fractures, 23.43% were tongue-type fractures, 48.43% were joint depression, and 28.12% were comminuted. All the fractures were operated on with lateral incisions. The average period of follow-up was 10.6 months. The results showed that all the patients had minimal pain, swelling, and deformity. Subtalar joint movement was retained (67.8% of active and 80.7% of passive). Eighty percent of normal Bohler angles and 93.5% of normal crucial angles were regained. Over 80% of patients resumed working within 6 months after the injuries. We therefore concluded that the present method of treating intraarticular fractures of os calcis gives very good results.

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