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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1978 Sep;75(9):4268-70.

Efficient correction of a mutation by use of chemically synthesized DNA.


The mutated base in the am3 lysis-defective mutant of the bacteriophage phiX174 has been corrected by a combined in vitro enzymatic DNA synthesis and in vivo replication of the heteroduplex product. Chemically synthesized oligodeoxyribonucleotides carrying the wild-type sequence have been used to prime DNA synthesis with am3 phiX174 DNA serving as a template. The resultant semisynthetic heteroduplex composed of an am3(+) strand and a wild-type (-) strand, with one mismatched base pair at position 587 on the phiX174 DNA sequence, was used to infect spheroplasts. The progeny phage were analyzed by a parallel plaque assay on wild-type host, Escherichia coli C, to screen for wild-type phenotype, and on E. coli HF4714, an amber suppressor strain, to determine the total progeny phage. When a 23-base-long synthetic primer was used, about one-third of total progeny were found to be wild type. Shorter primers yielded lower percentages of wild type; they also had poorer priming activity.

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