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Mol Cell Biol. 1989 Feb;9(2):671-7.

Inhibition of tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor by a truncated receptor form that binds to EGF: role for interreceptor interaction in kinase regulation.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


The tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor is regulated by a truncated receptor of 100 kilodaltons (kDa) that contains the EGF-binding site but not the kinase domain. The inhibition of kinase is not due to competition for available EGF or for the kinase substrate-binding site. Chemical cross-linking studies suggest that the 100-kDa receptor may form a heterodimer with the intact EGF receptor. Structurally related receptor kinases, such as the platelet-derived growth factor receptor, the insulin receptor, and the Neu receptor, were not inhibited by the 100-kDa receptor. The results indicate that (i) the inhibition was specific for the EGF receptor, (ii) the kinase domain had little or no role in determining target specificity, and (iii) the regulation of kinase may be due to a specific interaction of the 100-kDa receptor with the ligand-binding domain of the EGF receptor kinase.

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