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Gastroenterology. 1989 Oct;97(4):827-36.

Long-term efficacy and safety of omeprazole in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: a prospective study.

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  • 1Digestive Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland.


To determine the long-term efficacy, safety, and toxicity of omeprazole, we studied 40 patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome given omeprazole for 6-51 mo (median 29). The mean daily dose of omeprazole required to control gastric acid secretion was 82 +/- 31 mg. Thirty-one patients required omeprazole once per day. In 9 patients acid output was not controlled by 120 mg once per day, but was controlled by 60 mg every 12 h. The daily dose of omeprazole correlated with the previous dose of histamine H2-receptor antagonist (r = 0.89, p less than 0.001), basal acid output (r = 0.43, p less than 0.01), and maximal acid output (r = 0.39, p less than 0.02) but not with serum concentration of gastrin (r = -0.32). Increases in the dose of omeprazole were required in 9 patients. Twenty-nine patients had mild peptic symptoms with acid outputs less than 10 mEq/h while taking histamine H2-receptor antagonists. Symptoms resolved completely in 23 patients and partially in 3 when taking omeprazole. Omeprazole prevented mucosal disease in all patients including 17 in whom histamine H2-receptor antagonists had produced only partial resolution despite acid output being less than 10 mEq/h and in those with symptoms during omeprazole therapy. Omeprazole therapy was not associated with any significant side effects, nor with any evidence of hematologic or biochemical toxicity. Serum concentrations of gastrin did not change significantly during therapy. In 6 patients treated with omeprazole for 1 yr there was no change in basal or maximal acid output. In all patients, gastric morphology and histopathology demonstrated no evidence of gastric carcinoid formation. These results demonstrate that with long-term treatment of up to 4 yr, omeprazole is safe, with no evidence of hematologic, biochemical, or gastric toxicity. Furthermore, omeprazole remained effective, with only 23% of patients requiring an increase in dose, and continued to control symptoms in patients who had not been entirely symptom-free despite high doses of histamine H2-receptor antagonists. Omeprazole is now the drug of choice in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.

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