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Sci Total Environ. 1989 Aug;84:61-70.

Exposure to lead and cadmium of children living near a lead smelter at Lavrion, Greece.

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  • 1Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, University of Athens, Medical School, Greece.


Exposure of children of the Greek town of Lavrion to lead and cadmium has been evaluated by determination of the levels of lead (PbB) and cadmium (CdB) in the blood of 514 children living in the town. The Lavrion area is heavily polluted by lead owing to the presence of a large lead-zinc mining and smelting industrial complex. The industrial PbB level (geometric mean) was 21.7 micrograms dl-1 (range 7.4-79.8 micrograms dl-1). The CdB levels were, on average, 0.36 micrograms l-1 (range 0.1-3.1 micrograms l-1). The results were evaluated with respect to a number of constitutional, social and environmental variables, such as age, gender, distance of the school from the lead-zinc mining and smelting complex, and occupation and education of the father.

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