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Plast Reconstr Surg. 1989 Sep;84(3):406-8.

Cleft lip with and without cleft palate in blacks: an analysis of 81 patients.

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  • 1Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Mich.


The clinical records of 81 black patients with cleft lip with or without cleft palate were reviewed. Four had midline clefts. Of the remaining 77, 45 were unilateral (left 28, right 17), with 11 of these involving only the primary palate. Bilateral clefts were seen in 32, with only 2 involving just the primary palate. Males and females were approximately equal in number. Two were associated with EEC syndrome. Other congenital anomalies were seen in 9 patients. The family history was positive for clefts in 5 of 65 patients (7.7 percent). A review of 255 white patients with cleft lip with or without cleft palate revealed a positive family history in 94 (37 percent). The difference was statistically significant.

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