Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Res. 1989 Sep 1;49(17):4919-24.

Role of tobacco and alcoholic beverages in the etiology of cancer of the oral cavity/oropharynx in Torino, Italy.

Author information

  • 1Unit of Cancer Epidemiology, University of Torino, Italy.


A population-based case-control study of cancer of oral cavity-oropharynx was conducted in the city of Torino, Italy, between 1982 and 1984. One hundred twenty-two cases (86 males and 36 females) and 606 controls (385 males and 221 females) were compared with respect to lifelong alcohol and tobacco consumption. A 4- to 6-fold increase in risk among subjects with medium or high tobacco consumption was observed, as well as a trend in increasing risk with duration and with earlier age at the start of smoking. Other findings included a sharp reduction in risk with cessation of smoking, no clear protective effect of usage of filter, no differences in risk according to color of tobacco, and a higher risk for cigar versus pipe/cigarette smokers. An effect of alcoholic beverages was found in subjects with an average daily consumption of 120 or more grams of alcohol, with a higher risk in beer drinkers. Among heavy consumers of alcohol and tobacco, risks of both oral and oropharyngeal cancer were very high. A positive association between oral cancer and low educational level, after adjustment for alcohol and tobacco, was found. Attributable risks for alcohol and tobacco in the population were 23% and 72% in men and 34% and 54% in women.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk