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Mol Cell Biol. 1989 Mar;9(3):1200-11.

Identification of transcriptional regulatory elements in human mitochondrial DNA by linker substitution analysis.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305-5324.

Abstract

Human mitochondrial DNA contains two major promoters, one for transcription of each strand of the helix. Previous mapping and mutagenesis data have localized these regulatory elements and have suggested regions important to their function. In order to define, at high resolution, the sequences critical for accurate and efficient transcriptional initiation, a linker substitution analysis of the entire promoter region was performed. Each promoter was shown to consist of approximately 50 base pairs comprising two functionally distinct elements. These and previous data strongly support a mode of transcription initiation requiring minimal sequences surrounding the initiation sites that are likely interactive with core polymerase and upstream regulatory domains capable of binding a transcription factor that modulates the efficiency of transcription initiation. Furthermore, in at least one case, this upstream regulatory domain is capable of operating bidirectionally.

PMID:
2725494
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC362711
Free PMC Article
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