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J Biol Chem. 1989 Jun 15;264(17):10205-9.

Purification and properties of a new enzyme, NG,NG-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase, from rat kidney.

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  • 1Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of Tokushima, Japan.


A new enzyme, NG, NG-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase which plays a role in the metabolism of NG,NG-dimethyl-L-arginine, has been purified to homogeneity from rat kidney. The enzyme consists of a single polypeptide and its molecular weight is about 33,000. The isoelectric point of the enzyme is at pH 5.2. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolytic liberation of the dimethylamino moiety of NG,NG-dimethyl-L-arginine and forms L-citrulline and dimethylamine. It is highly specific for NG,NG-dimethyl-L-arginine and NG-monomethyl-L-arginine, and the Km values for these amino acids are 0.18 and 0.36 mM, respectively. The enzyme shows the maximum activity at pH 6.5 and requires no cofactor. The activity is strongly inhibited by SH-blocking reagents (e.g. p-chloromercuribenzoate and HgCl2) and divalent metal ions (e.g. Cd2+, Cu2+, and Zn2+).

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