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Vaccine. 1989 Feb;7(1):49-52.

Failure of rabies postexposure treatment in Thailand.

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  • 1Queen Saovabha Memorial Institute, Science Division, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok.

Abstract

Three failures of postexposure rabies treatment using imported purified duck embryo cell and Vero cell rabies vaccines are reported from Thailand. Reference is made to eight additional previously reported Thai patients, six of whom had received human diploid cell vaccine. An analysis of these cases reveals that there were serious flaws in management in all of these patients. It is stressed that 45% of human rabies deaths in Thailand occur within 20 days of being bitten and 71% are dead within 28 days. This short incubation period does not allow much time to start immunotherapy. Of Bangkok dogs found to have rabies at autopsy, approximately 8% have a rabies immunization history. Once a dog has bitten a patient immunotherapy should not be delayed in countries with a high incidence of dog rabies. Patients with chronic disease, alcoholics and drug addicts may have an impaired immune response to postexposure rabies vaccines.

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PMID:
2718606
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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