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In Vitro Cell Dev Biol. 1989 Apr;25(4):358-64.

Influence of branched-chain amino acid composition of culture media on the synthesis of plasma proteins by serum-free cultured rat hepatocytes.

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  • 1Centro de Investigación, Hospital La Fe Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, Valencia, Spain.

Abstract

Supplementation of Ham's F12 culture medium with essential amino acids (EAA) up to the rat plasma levels increased the rates of synthesis of albumin and transferrin by cultured rat hepatocytes by 1.3 and 1.7, respectively. Fifty percent of this increase could be attributed to three of the EAA: the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA: Leu Ile and Val). Non-branched-chain essential amino acids (non-BC-EAA) stimulated only 25% of the increase produced by the whole EAA mixture. When each EAA was tested individually, none of them caused an appreciable increase in albumin and transferrin in culture medium. When the concentrations of all EAA were raised to rat postprandial portal levels, albumin and transferrin synthesis rates reached a maximum, increasing by 3.2 and 3.5, respectively. Supplementation with BCAA at postprandial portal concentrations increased albumin and transferrin synthesis rates by 2.2 and 2.0, respectively, and had no noteworthy effect on the synthesis of cellular proteins. Non-BC-EAA at their postprandial portal concentrations increased albumin and transferrin synthesis rates by 1.7 and 1.9, respectively. Supplementation with alanine to reach a nitrogen content equal to that of the modified EAA-enriched medium had no stimulatory effect. Our results show that EAA have a specific effect on the synthesis of plasma proteins by cultured hepatocytes, and that BCAA at physiologic concentrations account for the major part of this stimulatory effect. Consequently, EAA and particularly BCAA concentration should be elevated in serum-free nutrient media to sustain maximum plasma protein synthesis.

PMID:
2715129
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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