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Immunol Lett. 1989 Jan 31;20(2):121-6.

Localization of the cell activator lipopeptide in bone marrow-derived macrophages by electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS).

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  • 1Arbeitsgruppen Elektronenmikroskopie, Albert-Ludwigs-Universit├Ąt, Freiburg i.Br., F.R.G.


Synthetic lipopeptide analogues of bacterial lipoprotein constitute potent polyclonal activators for monocytes/macrophages and B lymphocytes. However, the fate of the lipopeptides after their interaction with target cells is as yet unknown. In order to follow the routes and to determine the distribution of the lipopeptide within macrophages after stimulation, we investigated lipopeptide-stimulated bone marrow-derived macrophages using the novel method of electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Our results show that the lipopeptide was present in different compartments of the cell. The major amount of the activator was located within the cytoplasm and the plasma membrane, and minor quantities were detected within the nuclear membrane and the nucleus. The distribution of the lipopeptides varied depending on the duration of stimulation. Our results should help to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of macrophage stimulation by lipopeptides or other cell activators.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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