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J Gen Microbiol. 1989 Apr;135(4):805-15.

Regulation of Salmonella typhimurium pyr gene expression: effect of changing both purine and pyrimidine nucleotide pools.

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  • 1Enzyme Division, Institute of Biological Chemistry, Copenhagen K, Denmark.


The synthesis of the pyrimidine biosynthetic enzymes is repressed by the pyrimidine nucleotide end-products of the pathway. However, purine nucleotides also play a role. In this study, I have measured expression of the pyr genes (pyrA-E) in Salmonella typhimurium strains harbouring mutations that permit manipulation of the intracellular pools of both pyrimidine and purine nucleotides. The results identify the effectory purine compound as being a guanine nucleotide; it is probably GTP, but it may be GDP or GMP. The synthesis of carbamoylphosphate synthase, encoded by pyrA, and particularly dihydroorotase, encoded by pyrC, and dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, encoded by pyrD, is stimulated by the guanine nucleotide, while the synthesis of aspartate transcarbamoylase, encoded by pyrBI, and orotate phosphoribosyltransferase, encoded by pyrE, is inhibited by guanine nucleotides. The regulatory pattern of each pyr gene is discussed in relation to present knowledge on gene structure and regulatory mechanism.

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