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Kidney Int. 1989 Oct;36(4):636-44.

In vivo T cell preactivation in chronic uremic hemodialyzed and non-hemodialyzed patients.

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  • 1Inserm U 25, CNRS UA 122, Ass. Cl. Bernard Hôpital Necker, Paris, France.


The production and targeting of a major T cell derived lymphokine, Interleukin 2 (IL-2), were studied in 23 uremic patients undergoing regular hemodialysis treatment and 20 uremic patients prior to the onset of renal replacement therapy. In hemodialyzed patients, abnormally increased proportions of circulating T cells spontaneously expressing high affinity IL-2 receptors (IL-2 Rec) were detected: they bound a monoclonal antibody specifically directed to the IL-2 Rec 55 kDa chain (Tac antigen) (mean +/- SEM: 7.12 +/- 0.81% in patients vs. 2.15 +/- 0.39% in normal controls, P less than 0.0001) and significantly proliferated in presence of human recombinant IL-2 alone (mean +/- SEM: 5438 +/- 729 cpm in patients vs. 1647 +/- 244 cpm in normal controls). Hemodialyzed patients also exhibited significantly increased serum levels of soluble IL-2 receptor (mean +/- SEM: 4036 +/- 947 U/ml in patients vs. 253 +/- 29 U/ml in normal controls. P less than 0.001). Moreover, a significantly decreased IL-2 activity was detected in the supernatants of stimulated T cells from hemodialyzed patients (mean +/- SEM: 0.93 +/- 0.12 U/ml in patients vs. 2.49 +/- 0.22 U/ml in normal controls, P less than 0.0001). In nine hemodialyzed patients who were analyzed before and immediately after the hemodialysis session no acute modifications of the various parameters analyzed were detected. Although less profound, a similar pattern of T cell abnormalities was observed in the uremic non-hemodialyzed patients studied.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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