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Surv Ophthalmol. 1989 Jul-Aug;34(1):15-30.

Presbyopia toward the end of the 20th century.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Ophthalmology, Institute of Ophthalmology, University of London, Moorfields Eye Hospital, England.


Recent advances in our understanding of the anatomy and physiology of accommodation have contributed to current concepts of the possible constituent factors in presbyopia, largely supplanting the long-held belief that presbyopia is due to sclerosis of the crystalline lens. In this review, the author examines epidemiologic, basic scientific, and clinical evidence for a multifactorial decrease in accommodative amplitude with age. Methods of measurement, oculomotor effects of presbyopia, and approaches to correcting it are also considered.

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