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Zentralbl Gynakol. 1989;111(10):658-63.

[Effectiveness of perioperative preventive use of antibiotics with ampicillin/gentamycin or cefotiam in abdominal cesarean section].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Klinik für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Bereichs Medizin der Wilhelm-Pieck-Universität Rostock.

Abstract

To prove the effectiveness of perioperative antibiotics prophylaxis (pabp) in prevention of postoperative infections after caesarean section the efficiency of a Ampicillin/Gentamycin combination was compared with that of Cefotiam (Halospor). The infectious morbidity after both prophylactic antibiotic regimes was compared to that of an untreated sectioned group. The feverish standard morbidity (fsm) of all caesarean sections (between 1. 7. 1986-30. 6. 1988; n = 354) decreased by selective pabp from 25.3% to 16.7%. Compared with untreated patients (no infectional risk; fsm: 22.4%) the infectional morbidity after caesarean section was reduced by Ampicillin/Gentamycin (fsm: 10.0%; p less than 0.05) and also by Halospor (fsm: 13.7; p greater than 0.05). Uterine (14.5%) and urinary tract infections (6.6%) were the most frequent causes of fever during puerperium. After pabp the frequency of this causes decreased evidently. The rate of postoperative antibiotics therapies went down from 26.3% without pabp to 13.3% (p less than 0.05) with Ampicillin/Gentamycin respectively 13.7% (p less than 0.05) with Cefotiam. It is concluded, that the feverish standard morbidity was reduced by a selective papb both with Ampicillin/Gentamycin and Halospor. As a consequence of our results we are performing the pabp with a single dose of 2 g Halospor combined with 0.5 g Metronidazol in all sections generally.

PMID:
2665389
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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