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Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2016 Feb;34(1):15-37. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2015.08.002.

Management of Acute Exacerbation of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in the Emergency Department.

Author information

  • 1Louisiana State University, University Medical Center of New Orleans, 2000 Canal Street, D&T 2nd Floor - Suite 2720, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. Electronic address: ssuau@lsuhsc.edu.
  • 2Louisiana State University, University Medical Center of New Orleans, 2000 Canal Street, D&T 2nd Floor - Suite 2720, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.

Abstract

Acute asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations are the most common respiratory diseases requiring emergent medical evaluation and treatment. Asthma and COPD are chronic, debilitating disease processes that have been differentiated traditionally by the presence or absence of reversible airflow obstruction. Asthma and COPD exacerbations impose an enormous economic burden on the US health care budget. In daily clinical practice, it is difficult to differentiate these 2 obstructive processes based on their symptoms, and on their nearly identical acute treatment strategies; major differences are important when discussing anatomic sites involved, long-term prognosis, and the nature of inflammatory markers.

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

AECOPD; Asthma; Asthmatic crisis; COPD

PMID:
26614239
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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